The dryness in the eyes can happen of a slight annoyance to a painful one if it is not remedied. The eyes become red, itchy, darker & the eyesight may be altered. More and more people suffer from dry eyes, in part due to the increase in hours spent in front of computer screens and mobile devices; However, other factors that affect visual health such as environmental factors, some diseases, medications and the body do not produce enough tear flow should be taken into account.
Dry eye, why does it occur?
- Work long time in front of the computer. When you are in front of the computer screen, you flash an average of 5 seconds, while in other daily activities such as holding a conversation, the average is 22 times per minute. Thus, the decrease in blinking is insufficient to generate new tears and moisten the eye.
- The use of contact lenses also causes the eye to dry out, between 20 and 30% of people who wear contact lenses suffer from dry eyes. Its use, by itself, dry the eyes, worse also the abuse of these can aggravate the pathology. Each time the contact lenses are more respectful with the eyes and to choose the one suitable for your eyes is essential, as well as to respect the rest of the eye and not to exceed in time of use as indicated by the manufacturer.
- Hormones. When hormones are revolutionizing like a pregnancy or begin to decrease as in the case of menopause and reduced estrogen, can affect eye health.
- Diseases such as diabetes, asthma or lupus and ocular syndromes such as glaucoma or cataracts can be triggers for ocular dryness. Likewise, some drugs such as anxiolytics, antidepressants, anti-decongestants, antihistamines, diuretics, beta-blockers and oral contraceptives can also trigger the onset of dry eye syndrome.
- The age. As we get older, the faculties are diminished and the production of tear flow is as well. 75% of people over the age of 70 suffer from ocular dryness.
- Environmental factors. In the street there are also different factors that affect the production of tears. The pollution, pollen, intense sunlight or high concentrations of chlorine in swimming pools also affect the eyes and can cause irritation and disturbances in the tear. The heating and air conditioning.
Symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome
- Itching and burning in the ocular area
- Sandy feeling in the eyes
- Heavy and inflamed eyelids
- Red eyes
- Blurred vision and watery eyes
- Hypersensitivity to light, cosmetics and contact lenses
How to prevent dry eyes
- Make breaks of 5 minutes per hour in front of the computer.
- Maintain a distance and proper posture in front of the computer.
- Incorporate foods rich in omega 3 acids.
- Avoid very dry environments, heating and air conditioning.
- Avoid tobacco actively and passively.
- Wear dark glasses on the outside to protect your eyes from the sun and wind.
- Use humidifiers at home and / or the office.
- Rest for 7-8 hours and put a damp cloth over your eyes for 15 minutes before going to bed.Cular humidifier
How to combat dry eye
- A home remedy is to wash the eyes with chamomile infusion. Prepare it as always and let it rest, then clean with the help of a gauze or cloth. Chamomile refreshes and calms the eyes.
- Use artificial tears to give them an extra hydration.
- It blurs more to activate the production of natural tears.
- Two slices of cucumber on closed eyes lubricate, refresh and deflate the eyes. Let them act for about 20 minutes and take advantage of them to relax. You can also use potatoes.
- The black tea will also be helpful. It is antioxidant and moisturizing. You can reuse the tea bags you use to put them in your eyes for about 15 minutes.